The area now known as Tuscaloosa County was discovered in 1540 by troops of Hernando DeSoto. The name Tuscaloosa is derived from the Choctaw Indian Chief Tushkauloosa, which, literally translated, means "Black Warrior". The Black Warrior River, which runs through Tuscaloosa County, is an essential link in Alabama's inland water system. In 1819, Tuscaloosa County was officially created by an act of the first State Legislature. Today, Tuscaloosa County is the second largest in the state with an area of 1,340 square miles. The population of the County is 201,872 people.
*2012 Estimate, Experian/Applied Geographic Solutions